DR430E Foundations and Future Perspectives in Entrepreneurship Research – POSTPONED!!!

When and where

Digital seminars: POSTPONED TO 2024
Physical seminar in Bodø: POSTPONED TO 2024


ECTS credits: 7.5
Level of course: Ph.D. course
Type of course: Elective for students in business or other social science disciplines studying entrepreneurship and innovation for their PhD.

Duration: Digital seminars: April 11, April 13-14, April 26-28. Physical seminar in Bodø Campus: April 18-20, 2023

Location: Online and/or physical (most likely a physical seminar and one or more digital seminars).

Faculty responsible: Nord University Business School.The course is part of Norwegian Research School on Innovation, NORSI.

Language: English.
Administrative coordinator: Grete Ingemann Knudsen, Nord University Business School

Course responsible person: Tommy H. Clausen, Nord University Business School

Course evaluation: Evaluation (survey) will be sent to PhD students after the seminar​

NORSI Core Course: This is a NORSI core course meaning that NORSI cover travel expenses and accommodation for NORSI students. Please book your travel tickets after you have been granted a spot at the course. NOTE! NORSI will book the hotel for you.

How to apply


Application Deadline: 03.03.23

Course program

There may be minor changes to the program.​

Week 15: Introduction, digital kick-off and the classics (digital)

11th of April (digital)

  • 12.15-14.00: Kick-off, course information, getting to know each other with Tommy Clausen
  • 14.15-16.00: Current trends in entrepreneurship research with Johan Wiklund

13th of April: The classics. Lecture 09.15-12.00. Independent group work after lunch.

14th of April (digital): The classics: 09.15-12.00: The classics. Hans Landström and Mats Westerberg.

Week 16: Physical seminar in Bodø 18-20th of April

Tuesday 18th of April:

  • 09.00-09.15:  Meet, greet, information and coffee
  • 09.15-11.00: Entrepreneurship policy and organizational sponsorship with Tommy Clausen
  • 11.15-12.00:  Policy (incubators) and gender with Marta Lindvert
  • 13.00-15.00:  Organizing to support new venture creation with Sujith Nair
  • 15.15-17.00: Discussion of student papers by Einar Rasmussen, Paul Westhead, Anna Brattström, Sujit Nair++

Wednesday 19th of April:

  • 09.00-11.00: The entrepreneur; human, social and financial capital, Paul Westhead
  • 11.15-12.00: Brown bag seminar: How to make a career in entrepreneurship research with Paul W and Markus F
  • 13.50 to 15.00: New venture teams. Anna Brattström
  • 15.15-17.00 Discussion of student papers by Einar Rasmussen, Paul Westhead and Anna Brattström++

Thursday 20th of April:

  • 09.00-10.30 Sustainable/social/environmental entrepreneurship. Markus Fitza
  • 10.30-12.00: Economic and societal impacts of entrepreneurship. Einar Rasmussen
  • 12.00-13.00: Lunch
  • 13.00 to 15.00: Entrepreneurial ecosystems. Markus Fitza and Einar Rasmussen
  • 15.15-17.00: Entrepreneurship and social context – a critical perspective. Anna Brattström

Week 17: Digital seminars

  • 26th of April: 10.00-11.00: Entrepreneurial identity and identity work. Ulla Hytti.
  • 26th of April: 12.00-13.00: Contextualizing entrepreneurship research. Sarah Jack
  • 27th of April: 10.00-12.00: Effectuation and uncertainty. René Mauer
  • 27th of April: 13.00-15.00: The role of opportunities in entrepreneurship. Steffen Korsgaard
  • 28th of April: 13.00-14.00: Design science in entrepreneurship. Christoph Seckler.
  • 28th of April: 14.00-15.00: Q&As, submission of course paper etc. Tommy Clausen

Course content

The theme for the course is perspectives on entrepreneurship. Students will become familiar with the most recent research on the foundations of entrepreneurship research as well as with current debates and knowledge gaps in the field of entrepreneurship. The course is designed to provide students with an opportunity to become familiar with different aspects of entrepreneurship research and to discuss this in relation to their own research projects.

During the course students participate in plenary sessions, smaller group sessions where they present and receive feedback on their own work, and contribute to the discussion of their peer students’ work. The plenary sessions will include questions and dialogue and there will be good opportunities for informal discussions among participants and faculty.

Themes covered in the course include:

  • Foundations of entrepreneurship research
  • Contextualizing entrepreneurship research
  • Entrepreneurship policy
  • Entrepreneurial opportunities
  • Effectuation and uncertainty
  • Entrepreneurial ecosystems
  • Publishing entrepreneurship research

Learning outcomes

After successfully completing the course, the participants will:


  • Have a good understanding of the forefront of knowledge on entrepreneurship, as well as the foundations for entrepreneurship literature
  • Have a good overview of relevant theories and current debates in entrepreneurship literature and be able to evaluate their expediency related to specific research questions
  • Have a good understanding of knowledge gaps and central debates related to entrepreneurship, and be able to assess how they relate to their own Ph.D. work


  • Be able to critically discuss, evaluate and position own research with the various theoretical perspectives related to entrepreneurship and relate them to own Ph.D. work.
  • Be able to apply one or more research streams within entrepreneurship to a research topic of relevance for the Ph.D. student’s own work
  • Be able to provide a constructive assessment of the research conducted by peers
  • Be able to present own research work to peers

​General competence                                                                                                

  • Have increased their ability to reflect on and consider theoretical problems in a general sense in research
  • Have increased their ability to communicate  (in writing and orally) problems, analyses, and results to colleagues, including contributing in academic debates in conferences

    Admitted to a PhD program or have the qualifications to be admitted to a PhD program. Must fulfil the English language requirements. Participants from Nord University and Norsi are prioritized.

    Recommended previous knowledgeBasic overview of entrepreneurship research literature and core topics and debates.

    Mode of deliveryOnline and/or physical lectures and group discussions with student involvement

Organization and learning activities

This is an intensive course . Individual study is required prior to and after the course. The course integrates lectures by experts in the field and discussions of the course literature by the participants. Students are supposed to present and participate in exercises individually and in groups.

Assessment methods and criteria

Active participation in the form of presentations and discussions (written and oral) on selected articles during the course  is compulsory. 80 % attendance is a requirement to pass the course. In addition, students need to (i) present a paper (or similar), related to their PhD work on the topic of entrepreneurship,  (ii) be a junior discussant on another student’s research presentation, and (iii) submit a reflection note (pass, not pass).

Required readings (the reading list is subject to amendments)

The role of opportunities in entrepreneurship

Korsgaard, S., et al. 2016. A Tale of Two Kirzners: Time, Uncertainty and the ‘Nature’ of Opportunities. Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice 40(4): 867–889. (23s)

Ramoglou, S. and Tsang, E. 2015.. A Realist Perspective of Entrepreneurship: Opportunities as Propensities.” Academy of Management Review 41(3): 410-434. (25s)

Shane, S. and Venkataraman, S. 2000. The Promise of Entrepreneurship as a Field of Research. Academy of Management Review 25(1): 217-226. (10s)

Berglund, Henrik, Marouane Bousfiha, and Yashar Mansoori. 2020. “Opportunities as Artifacts and Entrepreneurship as Design.”  Academy of Management Review 45 (4):825-846. doi: 10.5465/amr.2018.0285.

The role of uncertainty in entrepreneurship

  1. McMullen, J. S. and Shepherd, D. A. 2006. Entrepreneurial action and the role of uncertainty in the theory of the entrepreneur. Academy of Management Review, 31(1), 132-152.
  2. A) Packard, Clark 2020: On the Mitigability of Uncertainty and the Choice between Predictive and Non-Predictive Strategy, Academy of Management Review, 45(4): 766-786.

B) Dialogue piece: Arend, 2020: On the irony of being certain, Academy of Management Review, 45(3): 702-707.

Supplementary: Griffin, Grote, 2020. When is more uncertainty better. Academy of Management Review, 45(4): 745-765.

Effectuation and entrepreneurship

  1. Dew, N., et al. 2009. Effectual versus predictive logics in entrepreneurial decision-making: Differences between experts and novices. Journal of Business Venturing, 24(4): 287-309.
  2. The AMR debate:
  1. Arend, R. J., Sarooghi, H., and Burkemper, A. 2015. Effectuation as ineffectual? Applying the 3E theory-assessment framework to a proposed new theory of entrepreneurship. Academy of Management Review, 40(4), 630-651.
  2. Dialogue piece:  Read, S., Sarasvathy, S. D., Dew, N., & Wiltbank, R. 2016. Response to Arend, Sarooghi, and Burkemper (2015): Cocreating effectual entrepreneurship research. Academy of Management Review, 41(3), 528-536.
  3. Dialogue response: Arend, R. J., Sarooghi, H., & Burkemper, A. C. (2016). Effectuation, not being pragmatic or process theorizing, remains ineffectual: responding to the commentaries. Academy of Management Review, 41(3), 549-556.
  4. Zhang, van Burg (2019): Advancing entrepreneurship as a design science: developing additional design principles for effectuation, Small Business Economics, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-019-00217-x

Supplementary dialogue pieces to the AMR debate:

Dialogue piece: Reuber, A. R., Fischer, E., & Coviello, N. (2016). Deepening the dialogue: New directions for the evolution of effectuation theory. Academy of Management Review, 41(3), 536-540.

Dialogue piece:  Gupta, V. K., Chiles, T. H., & McMullen, J. S. 2016. A process perspective on evaluating and conducting effectual entrepreneurship research. Academy of Management Review, 41(3), 540-544.

Dialogue piece:  Garud, R., & Gehman, J. 2016. Theory evaluation, entrepreneurial processes, and performativity. Academy of Management Review, 41(3), 544-549.

Entrepreneurial identity and identity work

Radu-Lefebvre M, Lefebvre V, Crosina E, Hytti U. Entrepreneurial Identity: A Review and Research Agenda. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. 2021;45(6):1550-1590. doi:10.1177/10422587211013795

Nick A. Mmbaga, Blake D. Mathias, David W. Williams, Melissa S. Cardon. A review of and future agenda for research on identity in entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing,Volume 35, Issue 6,2020, 106049,ISSN 0883-9026,

Contextualizing entrepreneurship research

Currently on free download:

Baker, T. and Welter, F. (2020). Contextualising Entrepreneurship Theory. Routledge. ISBN: 9781351110631

DOI: 10.4324/9781351110631

Williams, T.A. and Shepherd, D. (2021). Bounding and Binding: Trajectories of Community-Organization Emergence Following a Major Disruption, Organization Science, forthcoming,  DOI:org/10.1287/orsc.2020.1409

McKeever, E., Jack, S.L. and Anderson, A.R. (2015). Embedded entrepreneurship in the creative reconstruction of place. Journal of Business Venturing, 30(1): 50-65.

Dodd, S., Anderson, A.R. and Jack, S.L. (2021). “Let them not make me a stone” – Repositioning entrepreneurhship. Journal of Small Business Management, forthcoming. DOI: 10.1.080/00472778.2020.1867734

Jack, S.L. and Anderson, A.R. (2002). The effects of embeddedness on the entrepreneurial process. Journal of Business Venturing. 17 (5), 476–487.

Entrepreneurial ecosystems

Acs, Z. J., Stam, E., Audretsch, D. B., & O’Connor, A. 2017. The lineages of the entrepreneurial ecosystem approach. Small Business Economics, 49(1), 1-10.

Autio, E., Nambisan, S., Thomas, L. D., & Wright, M. (2018). Digital affordances, spatial affordances, and the genesis of entrepreneurial ecosystems. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 12(1), 72-95.

Brown, R., & Mason, C. 2017. Looking inside the spiky bits: a critical review and conceptualisation of entrepreneurial ecosystems. Small Business Economics, 49(1), 11-30.

Neck, H. M., Meyer, G. D., Cohen, B., & Corbett, A. C. 2004. An entrepreneurial system view of new venture creation. Journal of Small Business Management, 42(2), 190-208.

Spigel, B., & Harrison, R. (2018). Toward a process theory of entrepreneurial ecosystems. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 12(1), 151-168.

Vedula, S. and Fitza, M. 2019 . Regional Recipes: A Configurational Analysis of the Regional Entrepreneurial Ecosystem for U.S. Venture Capital Backed Startups. Strategy Science, 4(1).

Sustainable/social/environmental entrepreneurship:

Dean, T. J. & McMullen, J. 2007. Toward a theory of sustainable

entrepreneurship: Reducing environmental degradation through entrepreneurial action, Journal of Business Venturing, 22(1): 50-76.

Austin, J. , Stevenson, H., Wei-Skillern, J.  2006.  Social Entrepreneurship and Commercial Entrepreneurship: Same, different, or Both?  Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice.  30(1):1-22.

Demsetz, H. 1970. The Private Production of Public Goods. Journal of Law and Economics, 13(October): 293-306. (S)

Economic and social impacts

Zahra, S. A., & Wright, M. (2016). Understanding the social role of entrepreneurship. Journal of management studies53(4), 610-629.

Fini, R., Rasmussen, E., Siegel, D., & Wiklund, J. (2018). Rethinking the commercialization of public science: From entrepreneurial outcomes to societal impacts. Academy of Management Perspectives32(1), 4-20.

Audretsch, D., Colombelli, A., Grilli, L., Minola, T., & Rasmussen, E. (2020). Innovative start-ups and policy initiatives. Research Policy49(10), 104027.

Rawhouser, H., Cummings, M., & Newbert, S. L. (2019). Social impact measurement: Current approaches and future directions for social entrepreneurship research. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice43(1), 82-115.

Entrepreneurship policy and organizational sponsorship

Tiago Ratinho, Alejandro Amezcua, Benson Honig, Zhaocheng Zeng. Supporting entrepreneurs: A systematic review of literature and an agenda for research. Technological Forecasting and Social Change,

Volume 154,2020, 119956, ISSN 0040-1625, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2020.119956.

Alejandro S. Amezcua, Matthew G. Grimes, Steven W. Bradley, and Johan Wiklund, 2013: Organizational Sponsorship and Founding Environments: A Contingency View on the Survival of Business-Incubated Firms, 1994–2007AMJ, 56, 1628–1654, https://doi.org/10.5465/amj.2011.0652

New venture teams

Patzelt H, Preller R, Breugst N. Understanding the Life Cycles of Entrepreneurial Teams and Their Ventures: An Agenda for Future Research. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. 2021;45(5):1119-1153. doi:10.1177/1042258720978386

Klotz AC, Hmieleski KM, Bradley BH, Busenitz LW. New Venture Teams: A Review of the Literature and Roadmap for Future Research. Journal of Management. 2014;40(1):226-255. doi:10.1177/0149206313493325

Andrew P. Knight, Lindred L. Greer, and Bart De Jong, 2020: Start-Up Teams: A Multidimensional Conceptualization, Integrative Review of Past Research, and Future Research AgendaANNALS, 14, 231–266, https://doi.org/10.5465/annals.2018.0061

Date & Location

Start date: 11/04/2023
Date digital: POSTPONED TO 2024
Date physical: POSTPONED TO 2024
Location: Zoom / Bodø